The oldest extant complete text survives in a Greek translation called the Septuagint , dating to the 4th century CE Codex Sinaiticus. The oldest extant manuscripts of the vocalized Masoretic Text the basis of modern editions , date to the 9th century CE. Internal evidence in the texts suggests dating the individual books of the book New Testament canon in the 1st century CE. The first book written was probably 1 Thessalonians , written around 50 CE.
Historical reliability of the Gospels
Dating the New Testament - Matthew
January 11, 49 B. On that date Julius Caesar crossed the Rubicon River, committing himself and his followers to civil war. Few, if any, historians doubt that the event happened. On the other hand, numerous skeptics claim that the Gospels of Matthew, Mark, Luke, and John are myth and have no basis in historical fact. Caesar himself makes no mention in his memoirs of crossing any river. Four historians belonging to the next two or three generations do mention a Rubicon River, and claim that Caesar crossed it. They are: Velleius Paterculus c.
Can We Trust the Gospels?
Jesus came to not to be an earthly king, but the heavenly king who will be recognized by all as the King of Kings Revelation Four Gospels — The Authors The authors of the four Gospels each bring a unique perspective: Matthew had been a tax-collector, an occupation which reaped the same dislike as many feel for tax-collectors today. We also read of Jesus choosing the original 12 disciples, His well-known Sermon on the Mount Beatitudes , the parables He shared, and the account of Jesus walking on water. Mark was not one of the original 12 disciples, but followed and learned from Paul during his first journey as a missionary.
Most Christians only know of the four canonical gospels: those ascribed to Matthew , to Mark , to Luke , and to John. Of these 4, the first 3 are known as the synoptic gospels — they say basically the same thing with different territorial twists thrown in — while John and the myriad Apocryphal gospels can read quite differently. Many Christians regard the four canonical gospels as a particularly important grouping among the books of New Testament section of the Christian Bible. Latin-speakers transmogrified the Greek word euangelion into the Latinised evangelion , from which we get the words " evangelical " and " evangelism "; the alleged authors of the canonical gospels have therefore become known in Christian folklore and in Christian theology as "the four evangelists ". There is no agreement on what is the earliest canonical gospel or how they came into being though there are four main schools of thought.